A Short Literature Review on Workplace Discrimination

PhD Track master project by Maddalena Grignani, Wei-Liang Hsu, Jiaxun Liu, and Georgii Zherebilov ’22

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Editor’s note: This post is part of a series showcasing Barcelona School of Economics master projects. The project is a required component of all BSE Master’s programs.


In this literature review, we focus on workplace discrimination with particular attention paid to the hiring process. We classified the hiring process into two stages: CV-screening and interview. 

Following the theoretical discussion of stereotypes supporting the existence of discrimination, two empirical pieces of research are introduced: 

  • The first paper shows that race affects applicants’ callback rate during the screening process
  • The second study shows that the probability of a female musician being hired increases with the introduction of blind auditions. 

Lastly, from a sociological aspect, we claim that cultural similarities can affect employers’ hiring decisions, from which workplace discrimination might also appear.

Connect with the authors

All four of the authors are currently PhD students in Economics in the doctoral program organized jointly by Universitat Pompeu Fabra and the Barcelona School of Economics. (March 2023)

About the BSE Master’s Program in Economics