Migration Shocks and Occupational Downgrading: Evidence from Venezuelan Migrants in Chile

Economics master project by Sunidhi Agarwal, Ignacio Ariznavarreta, Nour Chamseddine, Ricardo Gonçalves, and Ignacio Ramón Oliva ’22

Overlapping flags of Venezuela and Chile

Editor’s note: This post is part of a series showcasing Barcelona School of Economics master projects. The project is a required component of all BSE Master’s programs.

Abstract

This paper examines the downgrading in job status that immigrant workers suffer when settling in a new country. We consider the massive Venezuelan exodus and the impacts this shock had on the job outcomes of migrants who settled in Chile.

Our approach is based on linear regression analysis and multinomial logistic regression models to estimate the penalty immigrants face. To this end, we use household-level data and employ two job-status indexes.

Results show that migrants who arrived before the 2015 Venezuelan crisis did not face significant downgrading. However, migrants who have arrived after 2015 do. Findings are relevant to understanding the impact of massive and sudden migratory shocks.

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The authors pose for a group photo outside the graduation venue on a sunny day in Barcelona
The authors celebrate together at their graduation ceremony in Barcelona (July 2022).

Author info is current as of February 2023.

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